The turkey is a large bird in the genusMeleagris, which is native to the Americas. One species, Meleagris gallopavo (commonly known as the domestic turkey or wild turkey), is native to the forests of North America, mainly Mexico and the United States. The other living species is Meleagris ocellata or the ocellated turkey, native to the forests of the Yucatán Peninsula. Males of both turkey species have a distinctive fleshy wattle or protuberance that hangs from the top of the beak (called a snood). They are among the largest birds in their ranges. As in many galliformes, the male is larger and much more colorful than the female.
Turkeys are classed in the family of Phasianidae (pheasants, partridges, francolins, junglefowl, grouse and relatives) in the taxonomicorder of Galliformes. The genus Meleagris is the only genus in the subfamily Meleagridinae, formerly known as the family Meleagrididae, but now subsumed within the family Phasianidae.
History and naming
When Europeans first encountered turkeys in America, they incorrectly identified the birds as a type of guineafowl– i.e., as members of a group of birds which were thought to typically come from the country of Turkey. The name of the North American bird thus became "turkey fowl", which was then shortened to just "turkey". In 1550, the English navigator William Strickland, who had introduced the turkey into England, was granted a coat of arms including a "turkey-cock in his pride proper".
Ampelographers estimate that Turkey is home to between 600–1200 indigenous varieties of Vitis vinifera (the Europeangrapevine), though less than 60 of these are grown commercially. With over 1,500,000 acres (6,100km2) planted under vine, Turkey is the world's fourth-leading producer of grapes.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Turkey's first president, established the country's first commercial winery in 1925. According to the OIV, the total wine production in 2005 was 287,000 hl. In the first half of 2009, wine consumption in Turkey reached 20,906,762 litres.
Artifacts found in northwestern Turkey from the ancient civilizations of Thrace, Persia, Macedonia, Rome and Byzantium are a must see for museum-goers in the area, local tourism officials have said. The relics are in exhibits in three of Turkey's provinces in the Thrace region, ...
A 2,200-year-old theater in southwestern Turkey’s ancient city of Laodicea (Laodikya) is set to reopen in the summer after its restoration. Laodicea is located Turkey’s southwestern Denizli province ...The restoration work has come to an end at the ancient theater, which ...
Roman-era mosaics are being brought to life in southern Turkey, where an institute is teaching how to apply the ancient designs to a variety of wares, from clothing and jewelry to glass, ceramic and wooden ornaments ...
Recently, two unidentified men, conducting an illegal excavation, stumbled upon an invaluable piece of history in western Turkey... The Roman monastery mosaic recently unearthed in Western, Turkey ... Ancient mosaic, Roman-era monastery found in Western Turkey ... https.//www.dailysabah.com/arts/ancient-mosaic-roman-era-monastery-found-in-western-turkey/news.
In 1970, Turkey had 39,000 people who self-identified as Jewish ... A previous version of this article contained a reference to a report in the mainstream media in Turkey about the seizure of an ancient Torah scroll in the city of Samsun ... .
Maya ruins in Belize offer peek at ancient wealth inequality. Greek archaeologists unearth bronze bull idol from ancient Olympia... Authorities seized a 2,000 year old Torah scroll while searching two cars in northern Samsun province in Turkey ... Police arrested five people suspected of illegally dealing the ancient Torah scroll in Turkey.
It is understood that all the temples were built at a similar time, revealing a culture of harmony and tolerance in ancient India... The mountain structure resting place of ancient kings. Lycian Tombs, Turkey ... Dating from around the 4th century BC, some of the most famous cave structures in the world, the can be found in Dalyan, Turkey.
The discovery of ancient tin workings in Southern Turkey late last century provided the first solid clues to the millennia old mystery of just where the tin used in the earliest tin bronze artefacts came from! The vast expanse of underground workings appear to have been mined ...
He also underlined the importance of the EU's collaboration with Turkey, Lebanon, Syria and Libya. Citing his own influnce by the ancient Greek culture, which has permeated Europe and linked it irrevocably to Greece, he also noted a stronger unifying factor today, the commtment to freedom and the European adventure. . .