The turkey is a large bird in the genusMeleagris, which is native to the Americas. One species, Meleagris gallopavo (commonly known as the domestic turkey or wild turkey), is native to the forests of North America, mainly Mexico and the United States. The other living species is Meleagris ocellata or the ocellated turkey, native to the forests of the Yucatán Peninsula. Males of both turkey species have a distinctive fleshy wattle or protuberance that hangs from the top of the beak (called a snood). They are among the largest birds in their ranges. As in many galliformes, the male is larger and much more colorful than the female.
Turkeys are classed in the family of Phasianidae (pheasants, partridges, francolins, junglefowl, grouse and relatives) in the taxonomicorder of Galliformes. The genus Meleagris is the only genus in the subfamily Meleagridinae, formerly known as the family Meleagrididae, but now subsumed within the family Phasianidae.
History and naming
When Europeans first encountered turkeys in America, they incorrectly identified the birds as a type of guineafowl– i.e., as members of a group of birds which were thought to typically come from the country of Turkey. The name of the North American bird thus became "turkey fowl", which was then shortened to just "turkey". In 1550, the English navigator William Strickland, who had introduced the turkey into England, was granted a coat of arms including a "turkey-cock in his pride proper".
Ampelographers estimate that Turkey is home to between 600–1200 indigenous varieties of Vitis vinifera (the Europeangrapevine), though less than 60 of these are grown commercially. With over 1,500,000 acres (6,100km2) planted under vine, Turkey is the world's fourth-leading producer of grapes.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Turkey's first president, established the country's first commercial winery in 1925. According to the OIV, the total wine production in 2005 was 287,000 hl. In the first half of 2009, wine consumption in Turkey reached 20,906,762 litres.
More than 850 people were killed across Syria as buildings collapsed after the 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck neighbouring Turkey, state media and rescuers said ... Turkey, Syria earthquake ... The city of Aleppo is renowned for its ancient citadel, its UNESCO-listed historic centre and its centuries-old covered markets.
The Cukurova district in Adana, southern Turkey, was heavily damaged in the earthquake ... Parts of Turkey and Syria are considered part of the cradle of civilisation, boasting countless relics and ancient cities such as Aleppo - which was also heavily damaged during the quake.
An ancient castle in Turkey was one of the historic monuments damaged when major earthquakes hit the country and neighboring Syria, killing more than 2,000 people on Monday ...Death toll #Update from #Turkey–#Syria #earthquake rises to 408, more than 1,700 injured.
Tremors from the earthquake that wrought devastation across Turkey and neighbouring Syria today were felt as far away as Greenland... The tremors started just eight minutes after the earthquake in Turkey and could be felt right across Greenland which is more than three times the U.S.
citizens residing in Turkey that terror attacks could be imminent against diplomatic institutions and places Westerners are known to congregate, specifically naming churches and synagogues ... They are focused on Khorasan, a region that historically covered the eastern frontier of the ancient Persian Empire.
Rescuers are digging using their bare hands as they work through the night to find survivors of earthquakes in Turkey which have killed at least 3,800 people. Thousands of buildings in Turkey and Syria were flattened on Monday after a series of tremors, including two measuring 7.8 and 7.5 in magnitude ...TURKEY.
Kayaköy is a town in the southwestern part of Turkey and is an example of the aftermath of the Greco-Turkish war which took place between 1919 and 1922 ... Turkey's Kayaköy is an example of the aftermath of the Greco-Turkish war which took place between 1919 and 1922 ... Site of the ancient Greek city of Karmilissos from the 18th century.
In this ancient urban settlement built by the Trypillia civilization, scientists haven’t discovered any sign of elite rule over the majority of dwellers ...  https.//www.nationalgeographic.com/history/history-magazine/article/early-agricultural-settlement-catalhoyuk-turkey.
The Turkey-Caucasus-Caspian-Central Asia belt, however, has long posed an existential challenge for its northern neighbor ...Azerbaijan, an ally of Turkey and Israel, has fallen into line with Georgia. Turkey and Azerbaijan (“Two countries, one nation”) closed their borders with Armenia three decades ago.
I enjoy reading about ancient history and civilizations ... The plant was considered extinct for centuries until recently, when it was found in the foothills of Mount Hasan in central Turkey, hundreds of miles and across the Mediterranean Sea from its ancient source ... The problem is that there is no source of the ancient silphion plant to compare it to.