The turkey is a large bird in the genusMeleagris, which is native to the Americas. One species, Meleagris gallopavo (commonly known as the domestic turkey or wild turkey), is native to the forests of North America, mainly Mexico and the United States. The other living species is Meleagris ocellata or the ocellated turkey, native to the forests of the Yucatán Peninsula. Males of both turkey species have a distinctive fleshy wattle or protuberance that hangs from the top of the beak (called a snood). They are among the largest birds in their ranges. As in many galliformes, the male is larger and much more colorful than the female.
Turkeys are classed in the family of Phasianidae (pheasants, partridges, francolins, junglefowl, grouse and relatives) in the taxonomicorder of Galliformes. The genus Meleagris is the only genus in the subfamily Meleagridinae, formerly known as the family Meleagrididae, but now subsumed within the family Phasianidae.
History and naming
When Europeans first encountered turkeys in America, they incorrectly identified the birds as a type of guineafowl– i.e., as members of a group of birds which were thought to typically come from the country of Turkey. The name of the North American bird thus became "turkey fowl", which was then shortened to just "turkey". In 1550, the English navigator William Strickland, who had introduced the turkey into England, was granted a coat of arms including a "turkey-cock in his pride proper".
Ampelographers estimate that Turkey is home to between 600–1200 indigenous varieties of Vitis vinifera (the Europeangrapevine), though less than 60 of these are grown commercially. With over 1,500,000 acres (6,100km2) planted under vine, Turkey is the world's fourth-leading producer of grapes.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Turkey's first president, established the country's first commercial winery in 1925. According to the OIV, the total wine production in 2005 was 287,000 hl. In the first half of 2009, wine consumption in Turkey reached 20,906,762 litres.
Excavations being carried out in the ancient city of Syedra, traced back to 2,900 years ago, continue to shed light on the vibrant history of Turkey... In the mosaic located in the ancient Roman bath, Heracles is depicted as performing his twelve labors ... ( Turkey Department of Culture ) ... ( Turkey Department of Culture ) ... Turkey Department of Culture.
... of the ancient theatre of Pythagorio. Masha Ilyashow and Alexis Karaiskakis-Nastos, are resposible for the art direction of the festival and for the programme that includes seven concerts at Pythagorio ancient theatre with view to the sea and the coasts of neighbouring Turkey.
I was born in 1967 in the Surmene district of Trabzon, which is an ancient town on the Black Sea coast of Turkey... I had been one of the largest exporters back then between Turkey and the neighboring ex-Soviet Union states ... Our biggest clients right now are Qatar, Oman and Turkey.
Traces of milk fat left on ancient pottery shows that people drank milk long before they could digest lactose ... The first is a map of nearly 13,000 ancient pottery fragments collected from Portugal to Turkey to Finland ... Why would ancient Europeans so quickly have developed lactose tolerance, if they didn’t need it?.
Another even more ancient metropolis that makes the seemingly-modern word metropolis seemingly anachronistic when used to describe it. There are skyscrapers out in the distance as Turkey wants its due ... But it’s torn between the ancient and the modern ... A new appreciation for Turkey and its intelligent, remarkable people.
Between that I feel like I am in survival mode.“I play with a Gaelic football team here (Forca Celtiberos) and we have moved our training from a pitch setting to the beach to get a breezier environment and have the chance to take a dip after.”When asked if ...
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... — and in Cappadocia, Turkey, where a photo shared to Instagram captured Wilson bathing in the buff in an “ancient cave.” Since going public with their relationship in June, Wilson and Agruma have spent much of their time jet-setting to idyllic international getaways.
Dr. Tony Evans once stated, “The reason we have to ‘find time for God’ is because He’s become a ‘when-I-get-around-to-it’ love ... The ancient city of Smyrna, located in present-day Turkey, was a prosperous one and contained many tradespeople, who eventually formed unions (guilds) in basket-fishing, tanning, gold, and silver ... God ... email@example.com .
How would one describe Gōbekli Tepe, and all the other Tepe sites in the Şanlıurfa Province, south-eastern Anatolia? One might opine that these ancient sites contain a cluster of circular enclosures, with many rectangular buildings behind them ...Ancient site of G ōbekli Tepe in Turkey.
Climate change threatens Turkey’s wine industry, Norse ... Climate change endangering Turkish winemaking Climate change is threatening Turkey’s ancient winemaking sector, leading vintners to wonder how their grapes will survive amid rising temperatures, NPR reported.