The turkey is a large bird in the genusMeleagris, which is native to the Americas. One species, Meleagris gallopavo (commonly known as the domestic turkey or wild turkey), is native to the forests of North America, mainly Mexico and the United States. The other living species is Meleagris ocellata or the ocellated turkey, native to the forests of the Yucatán Peninsula. Males of both turkey species have a distinctive fleshy wattle or protuberance that hangs from the top of the beak (called a snood). They are among the largest birds in their ranges. As in many galliformes, the male is larger and much more colorful than the female.
Turkeys are classed in the family of Phasianidae (pheasants, partridges, francolins, junglefowl, grouse and relatives) in the taxonomicorder of Galliformes. The genus Meleagris is the only genus in the subfamily Meleagridinae, formerly known as the family Meleagrididae, but now subsumed within the family Phasianidae.
History and naming
When Europeans first encountered turkeys in America, they incorrectly identified the birds as a type of guineafowl– i.e., as members of a group of birds which were thought to typically come from the country of Turkey. The name of the North American bird thus became "turkey fowl", which was then shortened to just "turkey". In 1550, the English navigator William Strickland, who had introduced the turkey into England, was granted a coat of arms including a "turkey-cock in his pride proper".
Ampelographers estimate that Turkey is home to between 600–1200 indigenous varieties of Vitis vinifera (the Europeangrapevine), though less than 60 of these are grown commercially. With over 1,500,000 acres (6,100km2) planted under vine, Turkey is the world's fourth-leading producer of grapes.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Turkey's first president, established the country's first commercial winery in 1925. According to the OIV, the total wine production in 2005 was 287,000 hl. In the first half of 2009, wine consumption in Turkey reached 20,906,762 litres.
VIP 'box seats' found at ancient amphitheater in Turkey's Izmir... https.//www.dailysabah.com/life/history/vip-box-seats-found-at-ancient-amphitheater-in-turkeys-izmir ... 'Box seats' for elite found at ancient amphitheater in Turkey's Izmir ... https.//www.yenisafak.com/en/news/box-seats-for-elite-found-at-ancient-amphitheater-in-turkeys-izmir-3580856.
Ongoing excavations in southwestern Turkey have revealed details on earthquakes from an ancient period. . Excavations and restoration efforts that began in 2012 in the ancient city of Tripolis in Buldan district of Denizli province revealed skeletal remains as well as the effects of earthquakes on structures at the site.
Two houses dating back 2,400 years and believed to be used by middle-class people were found during excavations in an ancient city in southwestern Turkey. The ancient city of Miletos in the Didim district of Aydin province was one of the prominent cities in the fields of ...
"We understand Turkey's interests in relation to the Crimean Peninsula. And this is probably a kind of nostalgia for very ancient medieval times ... Commenting on the situation with the Crimean Tatars, he said that Turkey did not really care about them even when Crimea was part of ...
A transgender doctor has been struck off by Turkey's health ministry for 'offending public morality' after posting a series of bikini pictures to social media ... Turkey withdraws from international treaty to prevent... Furious female protestors take to the streets in Turkey... Turkey's PresidentErdogan turns another ancient Istanbul...
AKSARAY, (UrduPoint / PakistanPointNews - 20th Sep, 2021 ) .The ancient underground city of St. Mercurius in central Turkey impresses visitors with its church and tombs. The underground city, located in the central Aksaray province's Saratli town, is home to a total of 35 ancient tombs and a human skull which was found to belong to the wife of St.
Golf is more than just a beautiful and healthy sport – golf is a passion ... A golf vacation in Greece or Turkey offers indelible imprints and an opportunity to delve deeper into history. Visit the ancient sights of Greece or enjoy the convenience of golf resorts on the Turkish Riviera, which stretches along the southern coast of the country ... ....